Civil Engineering is the oldest branch in Engineering which is growing right from the Stone Age civilization. Civil Engineering is defined as “the profession in which knowledge of the mathematical and physical sciences gained by study, experience and practice is applied with judgement to develop ways to utilize economically materials and forces of nature for the progressive well being of man”.
In the past, civil engineers focused on design and construction of new facilities such as buildings, bridges and highways; water treatment and environmental facilities, foundations and tunnels. Today's civil engineer not only has to design new facilities but must also analyze the effects of deterioration on infrastructural elements, consider system interdependencies and evaluates life-cycle impacts while considering environmental and economic sustainability within the context of society. Civil engineers must be equipped with in-depth knowledge of traditional, fundamental principles and newest technologies in order to address the complex, interdisciplinary problems faced within the society.